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Hungary - Historical Flags (1946-1989)

Last modified: 2004-12-18 by dov gutterman
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Hungarian People's Republic Flag (1949-1956)
by Zeljko Heimer

See also:


Hungary from 01.02.1946 to 20.08.1949 was a republic. The official name was: Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság).
The state used the tricolour and the tricolour with the Kossuth CoA. The official CoA was the "Kossuth CoA"
between 20.08.1949 - 23.10.1989 Hungarian People's Republic was the official English form of the name of the country. The above CoA and flag used from 20.08.1949 to 23.10.1956. In 1956-1957 the "Kossuth CoA" was used and the flag was the tricolour.
István Molnár, 10 November 2000

I read in a soviet book that the "Kossuth CoA" is a CoA with three stripes of national colours  (like the CoA of 1957-1989). Now I know that it was a mistake... "Kossuth CA" is the Hungarian CoA without crown. Why only in 1956-1957 "the flag was the tricolour" ? As I know the CoA was removed from the flag by Law No 11 in 1957. The CoA existed until 1990.
Victor Lomantsov, 12 November 2000

Rákosi's Flag (1949-1956)

by Zeljko Heimer

At Sesam Encyclopedie (1977) - Hungary: Ra'kosi's flag, charge slightly larger, compared to the image above, going into the green and red
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 30 September 2000

1956 Uprising

by Sándor Kiss, 3 September 1998

During the Hungarian uprising against the communist authorities in 1956, the communist arms were removed from the center of their flag, leaving a hole. The Hungarian-flag-with-hole is still used by the Association of Political Prisoners (translation approximate, but essentially those Hungarians imprisoned after the uprising - the organization now commands some considerable influence in Hungary). The newspaper of the association is (or maybe was, as my info. is some years old) 'The Hole'. I used to have a metal lapel pin of the Hungarian flag, complete with hole, given to me by a friend who was a member. The hole was bigger than just the white stripe, since the arms also stretched into the red and green fields.
Stuart A. Notholt, 3 November 1996

The flag at <> has been given to the European Council on the 23rd of June 1999. This is an original flag. This flag has got the "Arms of the Revolution" since 24th of October 1956. Till 1989 the flag was in the USA to represent the Hungarian Freedom. On 16th of June 1989 the flag was a participian in the reburial ceremony of Imre Nagy, the Prime Minister in the days of the Revolution and Independence War. He was executed on the 16th June 1958.
István Molnár, 1 November 2000

At our church, St. Stephen of Hungary (Burlington, Ontario, Canada), we also have an authentic 1956 Hungarian flag, with the crest cut out, of course.  I am unsure of this particular flag's history, but I could look into it, if you like.  It is displayed three times a year: 1) On the Friday nearest October 23rd, when our scout troop takes it out to a nearby cemetary where we had a monument raised in rememberance of the Revolution, where we have a ceremony (often in the rain, for some reason), involving revolutionary poems, prayers, patriotic songs, and firsthand accounts by people who fought in the Revolution.  2) On the Sunday following said date, when it, the Canadian flag, and the boys' and girls' scout troops (not girl guides or whatnot) flags are displayed for a "zászlós mise", a "flags' mass".  And, lastly, 3) At the luncheon following said mass, when it is paraded before local dignitaries, often including the mayor and the Hungarian Consul from Toronto.
Georges Kovari, 2 November 2000

There are some photos from Day of the Revolution (23 October 2001) at <>:
- unidentified flag at <DSCF0009.JPG>
- unidentified flag (Árpád stripes with the gold sign of King Saint Stephen I) at <DSCF0016.JPG>
- 1956 flag with hole at <DSCF0018.JPG> , <DSCF0021.JPG> and <DSCF0024.JPG>.
István Molnár, 30 October 2001

Flying '56 flag with hole on the official ceremony on 23th October 2002 at <>.
István Molnár, 23 October 2002

It should perhaps be pointed out that this flag ceased to be an exclusively historic flag. In recent years, it has very much become a political flag, specifically a symbol of opposition to Hungary's current administration.
Thorsten, 23 October 2003

There is a photo at Élet és Tudomány (22 October 2004), of a tricolour with the Kossuth Coat of Arms in October 1956 at the demolished Stalin Statue.   The Kossuth Coat of Arms (Coat of Arms without crown) has been used by the people at the revolutionary era:1849, 1918, 1948, 1956, 1989.
István Molnár, 21 October 2004

Vertical Rememberence Flag

by Istvan Molnar , 6 November 2001

Kádár's Flag (1957-1989)

by Sandor Kiss, 3 September 1998