Last modified: 2004-12-18 by dov gutterman
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Hungarian People's Republic Flag (1949-1956)
by Zeljko Heimer
Hungary from 01.02.1946 to 20.08.1949 was a republic. The
official name was: Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság).
The state used the tricolour and the tricolour with the Kossuth CoA. The official CoA was the "Kossuth CoA"
between 20.08.1949 - 23.10.1989 Hungarian People's Republic was the official English form of the name of the country. The above CoA and flag used from 20.08.1949 to 23.10.1956. In 1956-1957 the "Kossuth CoA" was used and the flag was the tricolour.
István Molnár, 10 November 2000
I read in a soviet book that the "Kossuth CoA" is a
CoA with three stripes of national colours (like the CoA of
1957-1989). Now I know that it was a mistake... "Kossuth
CA" is the Hungarian CoA without crown. Why only in
1956-1957 "the flag was the tricolour" ? As I know the
CoA was removed from the flag by Law No 11 in 1957. The CoA
existed until 1990.
Victor Lomantsov, 12 November 2000
by Zeljko Heimer
At Sesam Encyclopedie (1977) - Hungary: Ra'kosi's flag, charge
slightly larger, compared to the image above, going into the
green and red
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 30 September 2000
by Sándor Kiss, 3 September 1998
During the Hungarian uprising against the communist
authorities in 1956, the communist arms were removed from the
center of their flag, leaving a hole. The
Hungarian-flag-with-hole is still used by the Association of
Political Prisoners (translation approximate, but essentially
those Hungarians imprisoned after the uprising - the organization
now commands some considerable influence in Hungary). The
newspaper of the association is (or maybe was, as my info. is
some years old) 'The Hole'. I used to have a metal lapel pin of
the Hungarian flag, complete with hole, given to me by a friend
who was a member. The hole was bigger than just the white stripe,
since the arms also stretched into the red and green fields.
Stuart A. Notholt, 3 November 1996
The flag at <mkdsz.hungary.cc>
has been given to the European Council on the 23rd of June 1999.
This is an original flag. This flag has got the "Arms of the
Revolution" since 24th of October 1956. Till 1989 the flag
was in the USA to represent the Hungarian Freedom. On 16th of
June 1989 the flag was a participian in the reburial ceremony of
Imre Nagy, the Prime Minister in the days of the Revolution and
Independence War. He was executed on the 16th June 1958.
István Molnár, 1 November 2000
At our church, St. Stephen of Hungary (Burlington, Ontario,
Canada), we also have an authentic 1956 Hungarian flag, with the
crest cut out, of course. I am unsure of this particular
flag's history, but I could look into it, if you like. It
is displayed three times a year: 1) On the Friday nearest October
23rd, when our scout troop takes it out to a nearby cemetary
where we had a monument raised in rememberance of the Revolution,
where we have a ceremony (often in the rain, for some reason),
involving revolutionary poems, prayers, patriotic songs, and
firsthand accounts by people who fought in the Revolution.
2) On the Sunday following said date, when it, the Canadian flag,
and the boys' and girls' scout troops (not girl guides or
whatnot) flags are displayed for a "zászlós mise", a
"flags' mass". And, lastly, 3) At the luncheon
following said mass, when it is paraded before local dignitaries,
often including the mayor and the Hungarian Consul from Toronto.
Georges Kovari, 2 November 2000
There are some photos from Day of the Revolution (23 October
2001) at <www.euroastra.com>:
- unidentified flag at <DSCF0009.JPG>
- unidentified flag (Árpád stripes with the gold sign of King Saint Stephen I) at <DSCF0016.JPG>
- 1956 flag with hole at <DSCF0018.JPG> , <DSCF0021.JPG> and <DSCF0024.JPG>.
István Molnár, 30 October 2001
Flying '56 flag with hole on the official ceremony on 23th
October 2002 at <www.mno.hu>.
István Molnár, 23 October 2002
It should perhaps be pointed out that this flag ceased to be
an exclusively historic flag. In recent years, it has very much
become a political flag, specifically a symbol of opposition to
Hungary's current administration.
Thorsten, 23 October 2003
There is a photo at Élet
és Tudomány (22 October 2004), of a tricolour with the
Kossuth Coat of Arms in October 1956 at the demolished Stalin
Statue. The Kossuth Coat of Arms (Coat of Arms without
crown) has been used by the people at the revolutionary era:1849,
1918, 1948, 1956, 1989.
István Molnár, 21 October 2004
Vertical Rememberence Flag
by Istvan Molnar , 6 November 2001
by Sandor Kiss, 3 September 1998